Hospital Economics A Primer on Resource Allocation to Improve Productivity & Sustainability

Economics and Business

Hospital Economics : A Primer on
Resource Allocation to Improve Productivity & Sustainability
Fighting Fraud and Corruption at the World Bank: A Critical Analysis of the Sanctions System By Stefano Manacorda
Digitized Labor: The Impact of the Internet on Employment By Lorenzo Pupillo
Jack Leblanc, “Business Republic of China: Tales from the Front Line of China’s New Revolution”
The New Multinationals: Spanish Firms in a Global Context by Mauro F. Guillén

Hospital Economics : A Primer on
Resource Allocation to Improve Productivity & Sustainability

English | 2018 | ISBN: 0815388772 | 163 Pages | PDF | 1.63 MB

The biggest issue of economics in a hospital are the resource issues. A resource issue in hospitals creates many problems such as the excessive number of patients, poor service quality, lack of diagnostic tools and equipment, dirty and worn out facilities, long queues at the outpatient clinic, lack of drugs and other medical supplies, low employee morale, and so on. Hospital economics mention three main resource issues in as problems including; (1) Resource allocation issue, (2) Resource management issue, and (3) Generation resources issue.
The main economic problem of resource allocation in hospitals are production and cost function. These two functions related to issues of equality and effectiveness of the hospital. This book specifically discusses on the aspect of hospital resource allocation by highlighting the productivity, competitiveness, cost components, economic burden of disease, and economic aspects of infectious diseases originating from the hospital. The resource management issue is related to the use of existing resources in terms of input and output. The main important economic concept is efficiency, both technical efficiency, economical, and scale, as well as the relationship between these concepts. The resource management issue highlight the economic scale, human resource development, quality development, and lean implementation. The issue of generation resources, includes how the hospital is able to get the resources to run operations without having to cover the access of stratum of community thus violating the principle of equality. This book will highlight the issue of generation resources by including a discussion of the revenue components of the hospital and the impact of DRGs.

Fighting Fraud and Corruption at the World Bank: A Critical Analysis of the Sanctions System By Stefano Manacorda

English | EPUB | 2018 | 194 Pages | ISBN : 3319738232 | 1.18 MB

This book focuses on the World Bank’s sanctions system, which is an innovative instrument of global governance implemented by the leading multilateral development bank in order to impose penalties on legal entities and individuals that are involved in Bank-financed projects. Although similar regimes have also been implemented by other regional multilateral development banks, the World Bank’s legal framework is currently the most comprehensive one.
The book offers a rich and detailed analysis of the sanctions system, presenting an in-depth examination of all the phases of its procedure with a special focus on key aspects such as the criteria for assigning liability to legal entities and corporate groups, as well as the World Bank’s jurisdictional reach over non-contractors. The book also explores the compatibility between the legal framework implemented by the Bank and the rule of law, the role of precedents, and the level of due process. It highlights the fact that the sanctions system is currently characterized by a lack of legal guarantees, and that there are compelling reasons for supporting the argument that due process safeguards should be applied to it in their entirety. To that end, the book conducts a thorough analysis of specific procedural aspects such as the right to a hearing, the right to evidence disclosure, the time limit regime, the standard of proof and shift of the burden of proof, the evidential value of a party’s silence, and the consistency and predictability of the World Bank’s sentencing practice. The study is conducted on the basis of a detailed and painstaking examination of the most relevant decisions taken by the Sanctions Board, providing the first-ever commentary on the World Bank’s case law.

Digitized Labor: The Impact of the Internet on Employment By Lorenzo Pupillo

English | EPUB | 2018 | 285 Pages | ISBN : 3319770462 | 1.63 MB

As with previous technological revolutions, innovations in the online world have triggered transformations in the labor market and the economy. While the Internet is trumpeted as a great job creator, there are also downsides that need to be identified and dealt with.
The book discusses the following topics:
Is the Internet a net creator of jobs?
How are job profiles changed by the digital economy?
What are the impacts on income distribution? Is it a winner-takes-all tournament?
What models can facilitate adjustment without slowing innovation?
This book features essays from major experts in the field coming from academia, international organizations, the private sector, and civil society. It blends theoretical and applied research presenting results from many countries, with particular emphasis on Europe, the USA, Canada and Asia.

Jack Leblanc, “Business Republic of China: Tales from the Front Line of China’s New Revolution”

ISBN: 988997990X | 2008 | EPUB | 248 pages | 451 KB

Jack Leblanc shares the lessons he has learnt in 20 years of doing business in China. His career has included stints as a salesman, dotcom entrepreneur, venture capital broker, business consultant, and finally cross-cultural troubleshooter, solving problems between foreign investors and their Chinese counterparts. Each chapter is written in story form and covers a situation that investors are likely to face: for instance, disputes over intellectual property, staffing, or localized corruption. Practical and entertaining.

The New Multinationals: Spanish Firms in a Global Context by Mauro F. Guillén

English | 23 Sept. 2010 | ISBN: 0521516145 | 238 Pages | PDF | 1.46 MB

A new breed of multinational companies is reshaping competition in global industries. For most of the 19th and 20th centuries, multinational firms came from the most technologically advanced countries in the world. Over the last two decades, however, new multinational firms from upper-middle-income economies (e.g. Spain, Ireland, Portugal, South Korea, and Taiwan), developing countries (e.g. Egypt, Indonesia, and Thailand), and oil-rich countries (e.g. United Arab Emirates, Nigeria, Russia, and Venezuela) have become formidable global competitors. These firms do not necessarily possess technological or marketing skills. In contrast to the classic multinationals, they found strength in their ability to organize, manage, execute, and network. They pursued a variety of strategies including vertical integration, product diversification, learning by doing, exploration of new capabilities, and collaboration with other firms. This book documents this phenomenon, identifies key capabilities of the new multinationals, and provides a new conceptual framework to understand its causes and implications.