Descriptor Revision Belief Change through Direct Choice

Philosophy

Descriptor Revision: Belief Change through Direct Choice (Trends in Logic) by Sven Ove Hansson
Stuart Elden, “Speaking Against Number: Heidegger, Language and the Politics of Calculation”
Animal Ethics in Animal Research
The Light That Shines through Infinity: Zen and the Energy of Life by Dainin Katagiri
Artaud the Moma (Columbia Themes in Philosophy, Social Criticism, and the Arts) by Jacques Derrida

Descriptor Revision: Belief Change through Direct Choice (Trends in Logic) by Sven Ove Hansson

English | 28 Dec. 2017 | ISBN: 3319530607 | 260 Pages | PDF | 2.47 MB

This book provides a critical examination of how the choice of what to believe is represented in the standard model of belief change. In particular the use of possible worlds and infinite remainders as objects of choice is critically examined.
Descriptors are introduced as a versatile tool for expressing the success conditions of belief change, addressing both local and global descriptor revision. The book presents dynamic descriptors such as Ramsey descriptors that convey how an agent’s beliefs tend to be changed in response to different inputs. It also explores sentential revision and demonstrates how local and global operations of revision by a sentence can be derived as a special case of descriptor revision. Lastly, the book examines revocation, a generalization of contraction in which a specified sentence is removed in a process that may possibly also involve the addition of some new information to the belief set.

Stuart Elden, “Speaking Against Number: Heidegger, Language and the Politics of Calculation”

English | 2005 | ISBN: 074861981X | PDF | pages: 209 | 1.1 mb

Numbers and politics are inter-related at almost every level–be it the abstract geometry of understandings of territory, the explosion of population statistics and measures of economic standards, the popularity of Utilitarianism, Rawlsian notions of justice, the notion of value, or simply the very idea of political science. Time and space are reduced to co-ordinates, illustrating a very real take on the political: a way of measuring and controlling it.
This book engages with the relation between politics and number through a reading, exegesis and critique of the work of Martin Heidegger. The importance of mathematics and the role played by the understandings of calculation is a recurrent concern in his writing and is regularly contrasted with understandings of speech and language. This book provides the most detailed analysis of the relation between language, politics and mathematics in Heidegger’s work. It insists that questions of language and calculation in Heidegger are inherently political, and that a far broader range of his work is concerned with politics than is usually admitted.

Animal Ethics in Animal Research

Cambridge | English | Nov 2017 | ISBN-10: 1108420613 | 198 pages | PDF | 2.41 mb

by Helena Röcklinsberg (Author), Mickey Gjerris (Author), I Anna S. Olsson (Author)
The use of animals in research has always been surrounded by ethical controversy. This book provides an overview of the central ethical issues focusing on the interconnectedness of science, law and ethics. It aims to make theoretical ethical reasoning understandable to non-ethicists and provide tools to improve ethical decision making on animal research. It focuses on good scientific practice, the 3Rs (replacement, reduction and refinement), ethical theories applied to specific cases and an overview of regulatory issues. The book is co-authored by experts in animal research, animal welfare, social sciences, law and ethics, and provides both animal researchers and members of animal ethics committees with knowledge that can facilitate their work and communication with stakeholders and the public. The book is written to provide knowledge, not to argue a certain position, and is intended to be used in training that aims to fulfil EU Directive 2010/63/EU.

The Light That Shines through Infinity: Zen and the Energy of Life by Dainin Katagiri

English | November 28th, 2017 | ASIN: B071WHXS86, ISBN: 1611804663 | 242 Pages | EPUB | 3.23 MB

A Zen Buddhist perspective on the universal flow of cosmic energy and how to incorporate that energy into one’s life and spiritual practice–from one of the most revered figures in American Zen.
The universe is alive with a dynamic energy that creates and sustains our lives. It surrounds us, flows through us, and is available to us in every moment. Spiritual practice, according to Dainin Katagiri Roshi, is about aligning ourselves with this ever-present life force–sometimes referred to as chi, qi, or ki. This collection, edited from his talks, focuses on cosmic energy as it relates to all aspects of Zen practice. With references to classic texts and personal stories that bring the teachings to life, The Light That Shines through Infinity is also a powerful antidote to the notion that practice is in some way about transcending the world around us. It is in fact about nothing other than relating to it compassionately and whole-heartedly.

Artaud the Moma (Columbia Themes in Philosophy, Social Criticism, and the Arts) by Jacques Derrida

English | September 19th, 2017 | ISBN: 0231181663, 0231181671 | 109 Pages | PDF | 2.73 MB

In 1996 Jacques Derrida gave a lecture at the Museum of Modern Art in New York on the occasion of Antonin Artaud: Works on Paper, one of the first major international exhibitions to present the avant-garde dramatist and poet’s paintings and drawings. Derrida’s original title, “Artaud the Moma,” is a characteristic play on words.
It alludes to Artaud’s calling himself Mômo, Marseilles slang for “fool,” upon his return to Paris in 1946 after nine years in various asylums while playing off of the museum’s nickname, MoMA. But the title was not deemed “presentable or decent,” in Derrida’s words, by the very institution that chose to exhibit Artaud’s work. Instead, the lecture was advertised as “Jacques Derrida . . . will present a lecture about Artaud’s drawings.”
For Derrida, what was at stake was what it meant for the museum to exhibit Artaud’s drawings and for him to lecture on Artaud in that institutional context. Thinking over the performative force of Artaud’s work and the relation between writing and drawing, Derrida addresses the multiplicity of Artaud’s identities to confront the modernist museum’s valorizing of originality. He channels Artaud’s specter, speech, and struggle against representation to attempt to hold the museum accountable for trying to confine Artaud within its categories.
Artaud the Moma, as lecture and text, reveals the challenge that Artaud posed to Derrida—and to art and its institutional history. A powerful interjection into the museum halls, this work is a crucial moment in Derrida’s thought and an insightful, unsparing reading of a challenging writer and artist.