Assholes A Theory

Philosophy

The Monkey Grammarian by Octavio Paz
Aaron James – Assholes: A Theory
Ignorance: Everything You Need to Know about Not Knowing by Robert Graef
Jason T. Eberl, “Thomistic Principles and Bioethics”
Diane Collinson, Kathryn Plant, “Fifty Major Philosophers”

The Monkey Grammarian by Octavio Paz

2017 | ISBN: 1628727519 | English | 176 pages | EPUB | 5 MB

Nobel Prize–winner Octavio Paz offers a dazzling mind journey to the sources of poetry.
Poet, diplomat, writer, philosopher, hailed as an “intellectual literary one-man band” by the New York Times Book Review, Nobel Prize–winner Octavio Paz was a key figure in the Latin American Literary Renaissance and in world literature. In this entrancing work, part prose-poem and part rumination on the origins of language and the antic, erotic, sacred nature of poetry, Paz takes inspiration from Hanuman, the red-faced monkey chief and ninth grammarian of Hindu mythology. On a journey to the temple city of Galta in India―which Paz finds partially ruined in a leaf-filled countryside surrounded by forbidding hills―Hanuman’s mythical encounters serve as the springboard for the poet’s speculations on all manners of things, from movement and fixity to meaning and identity, the reality behind language, and the nature of nature. Images of the holy city, complete with the marauding monkeys for which it is known, constantly obtrude on his musings.
Perhaps the most poetic of Paz’s prose works, The Monkey Grammarian is visual: every page is rich in images, of palaces and temples, pilgrims and sadhus, and the monkey god himself. Paz’s probing, crystalline prose makes this an unforgettable voyage of the mind.

Aaron James – Assholes: A Theory

Published: 2012-10-30 | ISBN: 0385535651, 0804171351 | EPUB + MOBI | 240 pages | 2.35 MB

In the spirit of the mega-selling On Bullshit, philosopher Aaron James presents a theory of the asshole that is both intellectually provocative and existentially necessary.
What does it mean for someone to be an asshole? The answer is not obvious, despite the fact that we are often personally stuck dealing with people for whom there is no better name. Try as we might to avoid them, assholes are found everywhere-at work, at home, on the road, and in the public sphere. Encountering one causes great difficulty and personal strain, especially because we often cannot understand why exactly someone should be acting like that.
Asshole management begins with asshole understanding. Much as Machiavelli illuminated political strategy for princes, this book finally gives us the concepts to think or say why assholes disturb us so, and explains why such people seem part of the human social condition, especially in an age of raging narcissism and unbridled capitalism. These concepts are also practically useful, as understanding the asshole we are stuck with helps us think constructively about how to handle problems he (and they are mostly all men) presents. We get a better sense of when the asshole is best resisted, and when he is best ignored-a better sense of what is, and what is not, worth fighting for.

Ignorance: Everything You Need to Know about Not Knowing by Robert Graef

English | December 12th, 2017 | ASIN: B06XQLW5DL, ISBN: 1633883213 | 354 Pages | EPUB | 0.96 MB

Sums up the many fields of study where ignorance can undermine our understanding, while showing how an awareness of ignorance can lead to exploration and the discovery of new knowledge.
The flip side of knowledge is ignorance. This book explores the vast scope of ignorance, even in an age when we think we know more than ever before. By marking off this ocean of ignorance into manageable categories, the author provides a kind of navigational chart to the unknown, and a series of red flags to all those who claim certitude.
The book first lays out the many branches of ignorance–in education, the media, politics, religion, science, and other major institutions. It then assesses the costs and consequences of that ignorance. World conflicts, endemic poverty, environmental damage, waste, racism, and the manipulative forces of industry and politics that use propaganda to manipulate the public may all be seen as rooted in ignorance.
But there are positive aspects of ignorance as well. Scientists and artists, by recognizing what they don’t know, are spurred on to new creative approaches and discoveries, which would never be found by those too comfortable with the tried and true.
The author cites Socrates, whom the Delphic Oracle declared to be the wisest of all people simply because he realized how much he didn’t know. This book gives you ways to follow in the path that Socrates forged, to counter the closed minds whose false sense of certainty cannot help but distort reality, and to be better prepared to take on even the most serious challenges of today.

Jason T. Eberl, “Thomistic Principles and Bioethics”

2006 | pages: 169 | ISBN: 0415770637 | PDF | 1,0 mb

Alongside a revival of interest in Thomism in philosophy, scholars have realised its relevance when addressing certain contemporary issues in bioethics. This book offers a rigorous interpretation of Aquinas’s metaphysics and ethical thought, and highlights its significance to questions in bioethics.
Jason T. Eberl applies Aquinas’s views on the seminal topics of human nature and morality to key questions in bioethics at the margins of human life – questions which are currently contested in the academia, politics and the media such as:
– When does a human person’s life begin? How should we define and clinically determine a person’s death?
– Is abortion ever morally permissible? How should we resolve the conflict between the potential benefits of embryonic stem cell research and the lives of human embryos?
– Does cloning involve a misuse of human ingenuity and technology?
– What forms of treatment are appropriate for irreversibly comatose patients? How should we care for patients who experience unbearable suffering as they approach the end of life?
Thomistic Principles and Bioethics presents a significant philosophical viewpoint which will motivate further dialogue amongst religious and secular arenas of inquiry concerning such complex issues of both individual and public concern.

Diane Collinson, Kathryn Plant, “Fifty Major Philosophers”

2006 | pages: 274 | ISBN: 0415346088, 0415346096 | PDF | 1,7 mb

A comprehensive update of the best-selling first edition, this revitalized new text presents readers with a series of clear, well-written entries focusing on fifty of the most influential philosophers from the last two thousand years.
Chosen to present the traditional mainstream of European philosophy, the text also provides a critical survey that meets the needs of readers seeking a broad basic understanding as well as a foundation for further philosophical enquiry.
Encompassing a wide range of ancient, medieval and modern philosophers, features of the second edition include:
– new entries on Dewey, Collingwood, Popper, Quine, Merleau-Ponty, Ayer and Rawls
– a thorough revision of existing entries
– a complete update of the further reading section
– an expanded glossary
– the addition of an alphabetical table of contents and an index for ease of use.
Authoritative and highly readable, this book is a vital reference tool for all those wishing to improve their understanding of some of the world’s most fascinating intellectual figures.