Holderlin, Kleist, and Nietzsche The Struggle with the Daemon

Philosophy

Holderlin, Kleist, and Nietzsche: The Struggle with the Daemon by Stefan Zweig
Environmental Ethics and Policy-Making (Ashgate Translations in Philosophy, Theology and Religion) by Mikael Stenmark
German Idealism Today
Avi Lifschitz, “Engaging with Rousseau: Reaction and Interpretation from the Eighteenth Century to the Present”
Hobbesian Applied Ethics and Public Policy

Holderlin, Kleist, and Nietzsche: The Struggle with the Daemon by Stefan Zweig

2017 | ISBN: 1138525189, eISBN: 9781412811354 | English | 340 pages | PDF | 14 MB

This is the second volume in a trilogy in which Stefan Zweig builds a composite picture of the European mind through intellectual portraits selected from among its most representative and influential figures. In Hölderlin, Kleist, and Nietzsche, Zweig concentrates on three giants of German literature to portray the artist and thinker as a figure possessed by a powerful inner vision at odds with the materialism and scientific positivism of his time, in this case, the nineteenth century.Zweig’s subjects here are respectively a lyric poet, a dramatist and writer of novellas, and a philosopher. Each led an unstable life ending in madness and/or suicide and not until the twentieth century did each make their full impact. Whereas the nineteenth-century novel is socially capacious in terms of subject and audience, the three figures treated here are prophets or forerunners of modernist ideas of alienation and exile. Hölderlin and Kleist consciously opposed the worldly harmoniousness of Goethe’s classicism in favor of a visionary inwardness and dramatization of the subjective psyche. Nietzsche set himself as a destroyer and rebuilder of philosophy and critic of the degradation of the German spirit through nationalism and militarism.Zweig’s choice of subjects reflects a division in his own soul. The image of Goethe recurs here as the ultimate upholder of Zweig’s own ideals: scientist and artist, receptive to world culture, supremely rational and prudent. Yet Zweig was aware that Hölderlin, Kleist, and Nietzsche were more daring explorers of the dangerous and destructive aspects of man that needed to be seen and comprehended in the clarifying light of poetry and philosophy.

Environmental Ethics and Policy-Making (Ashgate Translations in Philosophy, Theology and Religion) by Mikael Stenmark

English | November 30th, 2016 | ISBN: 0754605639, 1138277339 | 168 Pages | PDF | 10.48 MB

Environmental issues raise crucial questions. What should we value? What is our place in nature? What kind of life should we live? How should we interact with other living things? Environmental management and policy-making is ultimately based on answers to these and similar questions, but do we need a new ethics to be able overcome the environmental crisis we face? This book addresses these important questions and explores the values that decision-makers often presuppose in their environmental policy-making.
Examining the content of the ethics of sustainable development that the UN and the world’s governments want us to embrace, this book examines alternatives to this kind of ethics, and the differences in basic values that these make in practice. Offering a detailed analysis of the ethics that lie behind current policy-making as it is expressed in documents such as Agenda 21 and the Rio Declaration, this unique contribution to the field of environmental studies shows how different environmental ethical theories support different goals of environmental management and generate different policies when it comes to population growth, agriculture, and preservation and management of wilderness areas and endangered species.
Mikael Stenmark concludes that policy-makers must take more seriously the value assumptions and conflicts connected to environmental issues, and state explicitly on what values their own proposals and decisions are based and why these should be accepted. Those studying environmental issues or environmental philosophy will find this accessible text invaluable in presenting a clear understanding of environmental ethics and contemporary applications and policies.

German Idealism Today

Markus Gabriel, Anders Moe Rasmussen | 2017 | EPUB, PDF(conv) | ISBN: 3110500280 | 320 pages | 4 MB, 1 MB

In recent years, German Idealism has seen an astonishing revival in nearly every area under debate in current philosophy. The growing interest reflects the innovative potential in Kant’s, Fichte’s, Schelling’s and Hegel’s classical works. It takes innovative readings to fully explore and grasp that potential. This volume contains such readings by some of today’s internationally leading experts on German Idealism.

Avi Lifschitz, “Engaging with Rousseau: Reaction and Interpretation from the Eighteenth Century to the Present”

2016 | ISBN-10: 1107146321 | 240 pages | PDF | 1,5 MB

Jean-Jacques Rousseau has been cast as a champion of Enlightenment and a beacon of Romanticism, a father figure of radical revolutionaries and totalitarian dictators alike, an inventor of the modern notion of the self, and an advocate of stern ancient republicanism. Engaging with Rousseau treats his writings as an enduring topic of debate, examining the diverse responses they have attracted from the Enlightenment to the present. Such notions as the general will were, for example, refracted through very different prisms during the struggle for independence in Latin America and in social conflicts in Eastern Europe, or modified by thinkers from Kant to contemporary political theorists. Beyond Rousseau’s ideas, his public image too travelled around the world. This book examines engagement with Rousseau’s works as well as with his self-fashioning; especially in turbulent times, his defiant public identity and his call for regeneration were admired or despised by intellectuals and political agents.

Hobbesian Applied Ethics and Public Policy

Shane D. Courtland | 2017 | PDF | ISBN: 1138691631| 304 pages | 1 MB

Most philosophers and political scientists readily admit that Thomas Hobbes is a significant figure in the history of political thought. His theory was, arguably, one of the first to provide a justification for political legitimacy from the perspective of each individual subject. Many excellent books and articles have examined the justification and structure of Hobbes’ commonwealth, ethical system, and interpretation of Christianity. What is troubling is that the Hobbesian project has been largely missing in the applied ethics and public policy literature. We often find applications of Kantian deontology, Bentham’s or Mill’s utilitarianism, Rawls’s contractualism, the ethics of care, and various iterations of virtue ethics. Hobbesian accounts are routinely ignored and often derided. This is unfortunate because Hobbes’s project offers a unique perspective. To ignore it, when such a perspective would be fruitful to apply to another set of theoretical questions, is a problem in need of a remedy. This volume seeks to eliminate (or, at the very least, partially fill) this gap in the literature.
Not only will this volume appeal to those that are generally familiar with Hobbesian scholarship, it will also appeal to a variety of readers that are largely unfamiliar with Hobbes.