Quantum Dynamics and Laser Control for Photochemistry

Chemistry

Quantum Dynamics and Laser Control for Photochemistry (Springer Theses) by Matthieu Sala
Electrochemical Water Oxidation at Iron(III) Oxide Electrodes: Controlled Nanostructuring as Key for Enhanced Water Oxidation Efficiency By Sandra Haschke
Eric Wei-Guang Diau, Eric Wei-Guang Diau, Peter Chao-Yu Chen, “Perovskite Solar Cells: Principle, Materials and Devices”
Achim M. Loske, “Medical and Biomedical Applications of Shock Waves”
Chemistry and Technology of Honey Production (SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science) by Ettore Baglio

Quantum Dynamics and Laser Control for Photochemistry (Springer Theses) by Matthieu Sala

English | 10 Feb. 2016 | ISBN: 3319289780 | 204 Pages | EPUB | 3.39 MB

The central subject of this thesis is the theoretical description of ultrafast dynamical processes in molecular systems of chemical interest and their control by laser pulses. This work encompasses different cutting-edge methods in quantum chemistry, quantum dynamics and for the rigorous description of the interaction of light and matter at the molecular level. It provides a general quantum mechanical framework for the description of chemical processes guided by laser pulses, in particular near conical intersections, i.e. geometries where the nuclear and electronic motions couple and the molecule undergoes non-adiabatic (or non-Born-Oppenheimer) dynamics. In close collaboration with experimentalists, the author succeeds in making a decisive step to link and to apply quantum physics to chemistry by transferring state of the art techniques and concepts developed in physics to chemistry, such as “light dressed atoms and molecules” and “adiabatic Floquet theory”. He applies these techniques in three prototypic model systems (aniline, pyrazine and NHD2) using high-level electronic structure calculations. Readers will enjoy the comprehensive and accessible introduction to the topic and methodology, as well as the clear structure of the thesis.

Electrochemical Water Oxidation at Iron(III) Oxide Electrodes: Controlled Nanostructuring as Key for Enhanced Water Oxidation Efficiency By Sandra Haschke

2015 | 70 Pages | ISBN: 3658092866 | PDF | 2 MB

Sandra Haschke presents a strategy to enhance the Fe2O3 electrode performance by controlled nanostructuring of the catalyst surface, based on anodized aluminum oxide coated by means of atomic layer deposition. Furthermore, she investigates the influence of underlying conductive layers and post-deposition annealing on the electrode performance and the associated changes in morphology and chemical composition. Exploiting all effects combined delivers an increase in steady-state water oxidation throughput by a factor of 2.5 with respect to planar electrodes.

Eric Wei-Guang Diau, Eric Wei-Guang Diau, Peter Chao-Yu Chen, “Perovskite Solar Cells: Principle, Materials and Devices”

English | ISBN: 9813222514 | 2017 | 245 pages | PDF | 28 MB

Energy and climate change are two of the most critical issues nowadays. These two topics are also correlated to each other. Fossil fuels are the main energy supplies that have been used in modern history since the industrial revolution. The impact of CO2 emission has been a major concern for its effect on global warming and other consequences. In addition, fossil fuels are not unlimited. Due to the increasing demands for energy supplies, alternative renewable, sustainable, environmentally friendly energy resources are desirable.
Solar energy is an unlimited, clean, and renewable energy source, which can be considered to replace the energy supply of fossil fuel. The silicon solar cell is one of the dominant photovoltaic technologies currently, which converting sunlight directly into electric power with around 20% efficiency. This technique was been widely used in mainstream solar energy applications for decades, though the relatively energy-demanding production process remained with challenges to be resolved.
Recently, emerging photovoltaic technologies such as organometal halide hybrid perovskite solar cell has attracted tremendous attention due to their promising power conversion efficiencies (over 22%) and ease of fabrication. Their progress roadmap is unprecedented in photovoltaic history from the material development and efficiency advancement perspective. Beyond the rapid progress achieved in the last few years, it is expected that this novel technology would make an impact on the future solar cell market providing long-term stability and Pb content issues are addressed. These challenges rely on a better understanding of materials and device function principles. The scope of this book is to provide a collection on the recent investigations from fundamental process, materials development to device optimization for perovskite solar cells.
Readership: Graduate students and researchers in chemistry, materials science and photovoltaics.

Achim M. Loske, “Medical and Biomedical Applications of Shock Waves”

2017 | ISBN-10: 3319475681 | 404 pages | PDF | 11 MB

This book provides current, comprehensive, and clear explanations of the physics behind medical and biomedical applications of shock waves. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy is one of the greatest medical advances of our time, and its techniques and clinical devices are continuously evolving. Further research continues to improve the understanding of calculi fragmentation and tissue-damaging mechanisms. Shock waves are also used in orthopedics and traumatology. Possible applications in oncology, cardiology, dentistry, gene therapy, cell transfection, transformation of fungi and bacteria, as well as the inactivation of microorganisms are promising approaches for clinical treatment, industrial applications and research.
Medical and Biomedical Applications of Shock Waves is useful as a guide for students, technicians and researchers working in universities and laboratories. Chemists, biologists, physicians and veterinarians, involved in research or clinical practice will find useful advice, but also engineers and physicists may benefit from the overview of current research endeavors and future directions. Furthermore, it may also serve to direct manufacturers towards the design of more efficient and safer clinical, industrial and laboratory equipment.

Chemistry and Technology of Honey Production (SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science) by Ettore Baglio

English | 10 Nov. 2017 | ISBN: 3319657496 | 48 Pages | PDF | 1.29 MB

This Brief explains and discusses honey and its production from a chemical perspective. It outlines why honey is a special and unique food, being produced by bees from the nectar of plants or from secretions of living parts of plants. Although glucose and fructose are the main constituents of honey, its overall composition is far from being simple or uniform: other substances such as organic acids, enzymes, or minerals are found in varying amounts.
In this Brief, the author addresses the factors that influence the composition of the honey as well as the consequences that the composition has on properties such as color, crystallization, density, viscosity, or the refractive index. This Brief also introduces some of the most commonly used quality parameters for the determination of ageing and/or overheating: 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) and diastase. Other recently proposed constituents for quality parameters are also mentioned, e.g. 1,2 dicarbonyl compounds (3 deoxyglucosone, methylglyoxal, glyoxal) and furosine, also named 2-furoylmethyl lysine.