Flora Unveiled The Discovery and Denial of Sex in Plants

Biology and Genetics

Promoter Associated RNA: Methods and Protocols (Methods in Molecular Biology) by Sara Napoli
Large-scale Forest Restoration (The Earthscan Forest Library) by David Lamb
Lincoln Taiz, Lee Taiz – Flora Unveiled: The Discovery and Denial of Sex in Plants
Donald R. Prothero, “Evolution: What the Fossils Say and Why it Matters”
Understanding Biology (Majors Biology), 2nd Edition by George Johnson, Kenneth Mason, Susan Singer, Jonathan B. Losos

Promoter Associated RNA: Methods and Protocols (Methods in Molecular Biology) by Sara Napoli

English | 28 Mar. 2017 | ISBN: 1493967142 | 300 Pages | EPUB | 3.89 MB

This volume is divided in four sections; covering genome wide approaches, techniques for characterize of paRNA structural features are described, selecting pa-RNA, and paRNA therapeutic potential. Chapters describe how siRNAsdirected against paRNAs can be applied in vivo to modulate transcription of important genes controlled by paRNAs. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls.

Large-scale Forest Restoration (The Earthscan Forest Library) by David Lamb

English | October 3rd, 2014 | ISBN: 0415663180, 0415663202 | 320 pages | PDF | 3.94 MB

Landscapes are being degraded and simplified across the globe. This book explores how forest restoration might be carried out to increase landscape heterogeneity, improve ecological functioning and restore ecosystem services in such landscapes. It focuses on large, landscape-scale reforestation because that is the scale at which restoration is needed if many of the problems that have now developed are to be addressed.
It also shows how large-scale forest restoration might improve human livelihoods as well as improve conservation outcomes.
A number of governments have undertaken national reforestation programs in recent years; some have been more successful than others. The author reviews these to explore what type of reforestation should be used, where this should be carried out and how much should be done. For example, are the traditional industrial forms of reforestation necessarily the best to use in all situations? How can forest restoration be reconciled with the need for food security? And, are there spatial thresholds that must be exceeded to generate economic and environmental benefits? The book also examines the policy and institutional settings needed to encourage large-scale reforestation. This includes a discussion of the place for incentives to encourage landholders to undertake particular types of reforestation and to reforest particular locations. It also considers forms of governance that are likely to lead to an equitable sharing of the costs and benefits of forest restoration.

Lincoln Taiz, Lee Taiz – Flora Unveiled: The Discovery and Denial of Sex in Plants

Published: 2017-01-06 | ISBN: 0190490268 | PDF | 544 pages | 50.13 MB

Sex in animals has been known for at least ten thousand years, and this knowledge was put to good use during animal domestication in the Neolithic period. In stark contrast, sex in plants wasn’t discovered until the late 17th century, long after the domestication of crop plants. Even after its discovery, the “sexual theory” continued to be hotly debated and lampooned for another 150 years, pitting the “sexualists” against the “asexualists”. Why was the notion of sex in plants so contentious for so long? “Flora Unveiled” is a deep history of perceptions about plant gender and sexuality, beginning in the Ice Age and ending in the middle of the nineteenth century, with the elucidation of the complete plant life cycle.
Linc and Lee Taiz show that a gender bias that plants are unisexual and female (a “one-sex model”) prevented the discovery of plant sex and delayed its acceptance long after the theory was definitively proven. The book explores the various sources of this gender bias, beginning with women’s role as gatherers, crop domesticators, and the first farmers. In the myths and religions of the Bronze and Iron Ages, female deities were strongly identified with flowers, trees, and agricultural abundance, and during Middle Ages and Renaissance, this tradition was assimilated into Christianity in the person of Mary. The one-sex model of plants continued into the Early Modern Period, and experienced a resurgence during the eighteenth century Enlightenment and again in the nineteenth century Romantic movement. Not until Wilhelm Hofmeister demonstrated the universality of sex in the plant kingdom was the controversy over plant sex finally laid to rest. Although “Flora Unveiled” focuses on the discovery of sex in plants, the history serves as a cautionary tale of how strongly and persistently cultural biases can impede the discovery and delay the acceptance of scientific advances.

Donald R. Prothero, “Evolution: What the Fossils Say and Why it Matters”

2017 | ISBN-10: 0231180640 | 384 pages | PDF | 1 MB

Donald R. Prothero’s Evolution is an entertaining and rigorous history of the transitional forms and series found in the fossil record. Its engaging narrative of scientific discovery and well-grounded analysis has led to the book’s widespread adoption in courses that teach the nature and value of fossil evidence. Evolution tackles flood geology, rock dating, neo-Darwinism, and macroevolution. It includes extensive coverage of the primordial soup, invertebrate transitions, the development of the backbone, the reign of the dinosaurs, and the transformation from chimpanzee to human. The book details the many “missing links,” including some of the most recent discoveries, that flesh out the fossil timeline and the evolutionary process.In this second edition, Prothero describes new transitional fossils from various periods, vividly depicting such bizarre creatures as the Odontochelys, or the “turtle on the half shell,” fossil snakes with legs, and the “Frogamander,” a new example of amphibian transition. Prothero’s discussion of intelligent-design arguments includes more historical examples and careful examination of the “experiments” and observations that are exploited by creationists seeking to undermine sound science education. With new perspectives, Prothero reframes creationism more as a case study in denialism and pseudoscience than as a field with its own intellectual dynamism. The first edition was hailed as the best book on the fossil evidence for evolution, and this second edition will be welcome in the libraries of scholars, teachers, and general readers who stand up for sound science.

Understanding Biology (Majors Biology), 2nd Edition by George Johnson, Kenneth Mason, Susan Singer, Jonathan B. Losos

English | 2017 (2018 Edition) | ISBN: 1259592413, 9781259592416 | 1089 pages | True PDF | 192.68 MB

A concise and engaging biology text for biology majors, Understanding Biology partnered with Connect emphasizes fundamentals concepts to help students better understand biology and focus on developing scientific skills.
Condensed chapters are centered on a learning path that serves to connect concepts within a chapter. The learning path begins with learning outcomes, which help students understand the core skills and concepts they should develop. Inquiry and Analysis cases help students build scientific skills, while scaffold end of chapter assessment ensures they not only grasp core concepts, but can also critically analyze and apply what they’ve learned. “Connecting the Concepts,” a synthesis feature that ends every part, helps students understand the connections between biological concepts, thus helping them “see” the big picture.